Small Animal

Diagnostic Services

Digital Radiographs

Radiographs, or X -rays are one of the most common, useful diagnostic tools in medicine. The veterinary team at Mountain View Veterinary Services utilizes X-rays to examine your pet’s bones, lungs, heart, abdomen, oral cavity and other areas for diagnosing and monitoring many medical and surgical conditions. If we suspect your pet has a fractured bone, swallowed a foreign object, or is suffering from a heart problem, an x-ray can help us make a diagnosis.

Mountain View Veterinary Services has invested in a state-of-the-art digital X-ray machine to provide you with the highest quality of veterinary care for your pet. There are many important advantages to digital X-rays:

  • They can immediately be viewed on a computer monitor.
  • The clear, detailed images can be manipulated to get a better view of your pet’s bones and internal organs, leading to a faster, more accurate diagnosis.
  • They take less time to process, which means less time for your pet on the X-ray table (and less stress), and less waiting time for you.
  • No harsh chemicals are needed to develop the images, reducing potential harm to our staff and the environment.

If a Specialist opinion is necessary, digital X-rays can be sent by email.

Ultrasound

Ultrasound is a painless, safe, non-invasive procedure which can reveal a tremendous amount of diagnostic information. Using sound waves, ultrasound produces a real-time moving picture of your pet’s organs that allows us to visualize objects that cannot be detected by X-ray alone.

The veterinary team at Mountain View Veterinary Services uses ultrasounds to assess the shape, size, tissue density, internal structure, and position of your pet’s abdominal organs, and diagnose pregnancy. Ultrasounds can also be used to identify masses or tumors and as a guide during surgical biopsies.

The ultrasound procedure takes between 30 to 60 minutes to perform and, unless it is being used during a surgical biopsy, does not typically require sedation. A diagnosis based on what we see is usually available immediately, which means we can also provide you with treatment options at the time of your appointment, minimizing your worry and stress.

Cardiac Ultrasounds (Echocardiograms) are referred out to a Board Certified Cardiologist.

In-House Diagnostic Laboratory

Mountain View Veterinary Services in-house laboratory is an important part of the diagnostic services we are able to offer your pet. Laboratory testing allows our veterinarians to obtain additional information to assess your pet’s overall systemic health without the need for invasive and expensive procedures. Often, your pet’s test results are ready within a matter of minutes.

For example, diagnostic testing can detect heartworm disease, Lyme disease, infections, feline leukemia, intestinal parasites, urinary tract infections, and many additional diseases and conditions that can go unnoticed in their early stages. Early blood testing can show evidence of disease such as diabetes, changes in liver or kidney function, or simply provide a baseline for future reference. Diagnostic testing is also included in pre-anesthetic screenings prior to dental or surgical procedures that require general anesthesia. Annual wellness blood and urine tests, along with other diagnostics, assist us in early detection of diseases and health conditions.

Heartworm testing, complete blood count, blood-chemistry panel, urinalysis and fecal examination are the most common laboratory tests performed at our hospital. Below are short descriptions of each test.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

CBC measures the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in a sample of blood. The numbers of each type of cell provides information to help diagnose anemia, infections and leukemia. If your pet is undergoing treatment for a condition, a complete blood count can help your veterinarian monitor how your pet is responding to the treatment.

Blood-Chemistry Panel (Chem Profile)

A blood-chemistry panel measures electrolytes, enzymes and chemical elements of your pet’s blood. Included in a chem profile are important components such as calcium and phosphorous levels, liver enzymes, glucose and total protein. These measurements help your veterinarian determine how your pet’s organs, such as kidneys, pancreas and liver, are functioning. Blood-chemistry panels help diagnose and treat illness, as well as monitor your pet’s response to treatment. A blood-chemistry panel is usually performed to screen for potential problems and risks before anesthesia is administered.

Fecal Examination(Fecal)

Your veterinarian may examine your pet’s feces under a microscope for clues about many different kinds of diseases, including difficulties with digestion, internal bleeding and pancreas disorders. Most importantly, a fecal examination confirms the presence of intestinal parasites, including roundworm, hookworm, whipworm, tapeworm and giardia. A fecal examination is part of your pet’s complete wellness examination.

Urinalysis (UA)

Laboratory testing of your pet’s urine can help detect the presence of specific substances that normally do not appear in urine, including protein, sugar, white blood cells or blood. Measuring the dilution or concentration of urine can also help your veterinarian diagnose illness. Urinalysis can be helpful in the diagnosing urinary tract infections, diabetes, dehydration, kidney problems and other medical conditions.

Pet Wellness Services

Examinations

The staff at Mountain View Veterinary Services is committed to providing you and your pet with the finest veterinary care possible.

We believe that prevention contributes to your pet’s long-term health and minimizes the lifetime cost of care. We strongly recommend routine wellness exams, vaccinations, regular laboratory work, deworming and fecal checks, as well as medications to prevent heartworm, fleas, and ticks to keep your pet in optimum health.

Each age and stage of your pet’s life presents different needs that require attention and care.

As part of your pet’s regular wellness examination, our veterinarians will:

  • Examine your pet’s teeth, and oral cavity
  • Check your pet’s vision and examine the eyes
  • Examine the ears for infection, ear mites, allergic reaction and other related health issues
  • Examine the respiratory system
  • Assess your pet’s heart and evaluate cardiac function
  • Test your pet’s reflexes
  • Palpate joints and muscles for arthritis and other orthopedic conditions
  • Assess changes in your pet’s body weight, appetite, urination and bowel habits
  • Inquire as to your pet’s activity level
  • Palpate the skin for unusual growths or conditions
  • Assess and evaluate changes in your pet’s health since the last wellness visit
  • Discuss preventive techniques for future wellness
  • Collect and examine fecal samples for signs of parasite infestation
  • Evaluate your pet for repetitive licking or biting in one area
  • Assess your pet’s hair/fur and check for matting
  • Demonstrate how to administer at-home medication
  • Answer your questions and concerns

We recommend:

  • Testing to evaluate the function of internal organs and other systems
  • Utilize lab testing to detect early signs of Lyme or Heartworm Disease
  • Monitor your pet’s blood count

To offer your pet optimal care and a long, healthy life, we believe it is important to identify problems before they develop.

Vaccinations

Vaccinations are the number one way you can protect your beloved pet from serious infectious diseases and bacteria. The veterinarians and staff at Mountain View Veterinary Services are strong advocates of preventive care.

While some vaccines prevent common infectious diseases, others protect against dangers present in a pet’s lifestyle. Our veterinarians follow the vaccination protocols put forth by the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), keeping in mind recommendations change with national reports of diseases.

Based on your pet’s age, lifestyle and risk, we will advise on a vaccination schedule best for your pet.

Illnesses such as Lyme disease, Leptospirosis, Distemper, Bordetella, Parvo virus, and Rabies can debilitate your dog and shorten his life. We also encourage you to vaccinate your cat against Feline Leukemia, Distemper and Rabies.

If you would like to set up an appointment to get your pet up-to-date on vaccinations, please give us a call at (717) 477-8938.

Puppy and Kitten Care

The first year of care for your new puppy or kitten is the most important. Like human infants, puppies and kittens require special attention in order for them to grow and develop well. The team at Mountain View Veterinary Services is always ready to support you with exceptional pet care and guidance.

Your puppy and kittens first year of care will include:

  • Physical Examinations: Your puppy’s or kitten’s lifetime of wellness starts with its first comprehensive physical exam. Puppies and kittens should have 3-4 exams between the ages of 6-16 weeks. These visits are important because they provide our veterinarians with an opportunity to assess your pet’s overall health, administer vaccines, check for parasites and discuss common behavioral situations.
  • Vaccinations: Due to their developing immune systems, puppies and kittens must receive a series of properly staged vaccines. Because every puppy and kitten is unique we tailor our vaccination recommendations based on their lifestyle and/or breed and according to the suggested medical guidelines.
  • Diagnostic Testing: Kittens should be tested for Feline Leukemia and Feline AIDS. All puppies and kittens should have 2 stool samples checked before 5 months of age for parasites.
  • Additional Recommendations: Your veterinarian will also discuss and recommend other services, such as spaying, neutering, and microchipping.

 

Deworming and Fecal Check

Dangerous parasites are always present in the environment. Importantly, if brought into your home, these parasites can potentially be passed from your pet to you and your family. Regular fecal checks and dewormings are the best way to prevent parasitic diseases and the transmission of intestinal parasites to your pet. It also prevents the shedding of parasite eggs, which contaminate yards or any place a pet defecates.

Regular Blood Testing

A complete physical includes a heartworm test, parasite screening, and should include a full blood workup. Not only can a full chemistry panel and complete blood count identify the presence of underlying disease processes, but these tests help create a baseline should your pet become ill between routine examinations. Additionally, blood work is necessary if we recommend a dental cleaning, removal of skin mass, or any other procedure that requires anesthesia.

We also recommend comprehensive blood work annually for all pets over the age of seven.

Heartworm Disease

Heartworm disease is a serious, life-threatening disease affecting dogs and cats. Mosquitoes spread the disease by injecting the parasite into your pet at the time of bite. Clinical symptoms of heartworm disease develop very slowly. Lack of energy and exercise intolerance are early symptoms, as are coughing and difficulty breathing. Because heartworm disease is increasing in frequency and is a serious and deadly disease, we recommend that your dog be tested annually. Heartworm disease prevention is simple and effective.

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If you would like to have your pet tested for heartworm disease, or would like additional information on how best to protect your pet and your family from these dangerous parasites, please call Mountain View Veterinary Services at (717)477-8938.

Senior Wellness Plan: C.A.R.E. for 7+ years pets

Thanks to better care, pets are living longer now than they ever have before – but as pets get older, they need extra care and attention. Regular veterinary examinations can detect problems in older pets before they become advanced or life-threatening, and improve the chances of a longer and healthier life for your pet. The staff at Mountain View Veterinary Services are committed to assist owners with their aging pets by offering the Comprehensive Age Related Evaluation package.

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Chart found at  http://www.dvm360.com/

Senior dogs and cats scheduled with our Comprehensive Age Related Evaluation will have bi-annual veterinary visits to help monitor life’s changes. C.A.R.E. package include the following:

  • Urinary health check
  • Full Chemistry Blood Panel
  • Thyroid test
  • Fecal Parasite test
  • Ocular pressure and eye exam
  • Heartworm Test for dogs

In addition, our veterinarians may recommend the following:

  • Abdominal & Chest Radiographs
  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Electrocardiogram

With our help, you can prolong your pet’s good health and well-being, even as his or her pace slows a bit. We can make sure you and your faithful companion enjoy many more years together.

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Chart found at https://www.avma.org

 

Tick Prevention

Since 85% of confirmed cases of Lyme disease are in the northeastern part of the United States, we are considered to be a high-risk area. Specific diseases such as Lyme, Ehrlichiosis and Anaplasmosis are more common in certain areas. Cases of all 3 have been found in Franklin County PA. For every different environment in the United States, there is a tick that has adapted to that environment so no place is immune to them. Although ticks are primarily thought of as a “summer” problem, different ticks can be a problem at different times of the year. Consequently, tick control, depending on the climate, can be a year-round battle. Since Lyme disease can be transmitted in as little as 24 hours, with peak transmission occurring by 72 hours, it is important to be thorough with tick control. Signs of Lyme disease in dogs include fever, lameness, lethargy, swollen lymph nodes and/or swollen, painful joints.

Tick Control:
The big challenge of fighting ticks is that tick control does not always equal tick borne disease control. If the tick control requires more time to reach full effectiveness or the tick has to bite the animal to receive a dose, then the disease can still be transmitted. Quick kill of ticks is crucial to prevent the spread of disease. Unfortunately, there isn’t any one product that can consistently keep ticks from attaching.

Prevention:
Since there are no tick control products that prevent transmission of tick borne diseases, we strongly recommend vaccination and tick control products as the main defenses in the fight against ticks.

Always check and brush your dog after being outside, especially in grassy or brushy areas. If a tick is attached to your dog’s skin, remove it carefully with tweezers and wash the affected bite area and your hands afterward.

Flea Prevention

Fleas are most abundant during the warm weather; however, if left untreated, they can be a problem year-round. In fact, flea infestation is one of the most common medical problems veterinarians see. Your pet can be allergic to fleas, and even just one bite can result in a severely painful skin infection. One flea bites its host up to 75 times a day. Fleas can also transmit serious diseases such as bartonellosis (the bacteria that causes “cat scratch disease” in people), and parasites like tapeworms.

Prevention:
The best course of action to protect your pet and yourself from fleas is prevention. There are many safe and effective oral and topical flea control products available at our hospital. Your veterinarian can help you choose the correct preventive regimen based on your pet’s risk factors and health status.

Intestinal Parasites

Did you know that two of the most common intestinal parasites often carried by dogs and cats can be transmitted to humans too? Roundworms and hookworms are intestinal parasites that can be detected in dogs or cat at any stage of life, even as early as 3 weeks of age!

Many pets don’t show any sign of infection. However, some may exhibit signs of vomiting, loss of appetite, or severe weight loss. Heavy intestinal parasite infections in a young animal can be fatal. Roundworms and hookworms shed their eggs intermittently. This means it is possible to have a ‘negative’ stool sample one day and a positive sample the next day. Mountain View Veterinary Services recommends checking a fecal sample yearly on adult dogs and cats. Puppies and kittens should have a fecal checked until there are 2 negative samples in a row.

If your pet tests positive for roundworms or hookworms, you and your family are at a higher risk for contracting these parasites. The eggs and larvae (immature worms) passed in your pet’s feces are very resilient. People become infected through direct contact, of infected feces. Transmission is usually fecal – oral, meaning you have infected feces on your hands and you ingest the fecal material. Children are more vulnerable due to their underdeveloped hygiene skills and routines of playing in public parks, sand boxes and even the back yard. It is important to teach children to wash their hands after playing outdoors or handling animals.

Once ingested, the roundworm eggs hatch into larvae and travel through your body’s organs. Your body’s immune system will most likely step in and fight off these parasites. However, in some cases, these larvae migrate to the eye! A condition called visceral larval migrans which can lead to permanent eye damage including blindness! Cutaneous larval migrans are hookworm larvae that may circulate within the skin causing inflammation. Certain types of hookworms can penetrate into deeper tissues causing intestinal or organ damage.

You can protect your family and yourself by washing your hands after handling soil, sand and pets. Teach your children to wash their hands before they eat. Follow the recommended deworming protocols for your pet. Monthly heartworm preventative is a great way to control the spread of roundworms and hookworms in the environment!

 

Pet Dental Care

Regular professional cleanings are important for maintaining your pet’s teeth and overall general health.

During a professional dental cleaning, your pet receives an oral checkup and x-rays while under anesthesia to determine if any extractions are needed. Ultrasonic scaling is done above and below the gum line to remove the debris that often goes unnoticed yet is the primary element of periodontal disease. Next, we polish the teeth, which makes your pet’s teeth more resistant to plaque buildup. Once your pet’s teeth are cleaned and polished, the periodontal pockets are irrigated to remove plaque that surrounds the teeth.

Each step to this process is critical to the success of the procedure and vital to the overall success and improved health care of your pet. The success of the procedure is not determined when your pet recovers and leaves the hospital. Ensuring compliance of home care instructions and follow up examinations are also critical to the overall success of this treatment.

It’s important to remember that it is possible to add years to your pet’s life with proper dental care. Dental hygiene can also increase your pet’s health, vitality and wellbeing. Veterinary dental care will ensure your pet leads the best life possible.

However, if left untreated, dental disease can not only be painful and inhibit proper nutrition, but it can also lead to serious systemic issues that may threaten your pet’s health before symptoms are noticeable. For example, oral bacteria that enter the bloodstream can damage your pet’s kidneys, heart or liver. It is estimated that more 80 percent of dogs and 70 percent of cats develop tooth and gum disease by the age of three years.

Home Dental Care

Dental care is not something that can be left to periodic visits with us. Because plaque buildup – the primary cause for poor oral health – is a gradual process occurring throughout the life of your pet, it is important to practice good home dental care. Brushing your pet’s teeth is the single most important procedure you can do to maintain good oral health. If performed regularly, brushing dramatically

Surgery and Anesthesia

Many concerns arise when surgery is recommended including risks associated with anesthesia, post-operative home care as well as the cost of the procedure.  Many clients shop around for the “best price” on a surgical procedure without knowing why the costs tend to vary from hospital to hospital.

Mountain View Veterinary Services’ surgical facility ensures that surgical procedures are as safe and efficient as possible. Veterinary medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Our surgical team strives to keep abreast of the latest developments and use their expertise to greatly reduce the risk for complications.

All of our surgical patients are given a thorough physical exam upon admission the day of surgery.  Bloodwork to assess organ function is recommended on all of our surgical patients and required on certain patients based on age and the procedure to be performed.  If there are any abnormalities found on exam or blood work, you will be notified by our surgical team prior to surgery.  It is very important that you leave appropriate contact information on your pet’s surgical release form for the duration of your pet’s stay.

While all of our surgical procedures are usually uneventful, detecting problems early improves our ability to intervene and correct them before they become an emergency.  Your pet will have a surgical nurse dedicated to his/her care throughout the surgical procedure.  Our surgical nurse will be monitoring your pet’s blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen level and body temperature. If any of these parameters are abnormal, the surgeon is notified immediately and corrective measures are taken. An intravenous (IV) catheter is placed and fluids are administered for all procedures. This IV access allows immediate treatment with lifesaving medication should a complication arise. The fluids help maintain blood pressure while also flushing the anesthetics from your pet’s system allowing for a more rapid recovery.

Surgery hurts and the surgical team at Mountain View Veterinary Services takes pain management seriously. Pain can have a negative effect on your pet that goes beyond the physical discomfort. Pain management protocols are tailored to each patient based on procedure, personality and pain tolerance. Pain management begins with the first medications administered your pet, continues through the surgical procedure, into the recovery period and for several days at home. To minimize your pet’s discomfort, we typically use a combination of local anesthetics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and narcotic pain relievers. It is important that you follow the label directions on any medications dispensed for your pet after surgery.

Your pet will be monitored closely until s/he is able to stand and walk without assistance. Many of our surgical patients go home the same day. Your pet’s nurse will keep you updated on the condition of your pet and let you know when your pet can be discharged from the hospital.  At your discharge appointment, your pet’s nurse will provide you with information on proper post-surgical home care.  S/he will also discuss any prescribed medications including what they are for, how they should be given and when the next dose is due.

Having your pet undergo surgery is stressful for you too. We will be available for questions about your pet. If you have concerns, contact us at 717-477-8938 and we will be more than happy to help you.

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