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AKC – Hound Group

The next blog in the AKC group series I will be discussing is a group of dogs that I love but will probably never own due to being a cat owner – the Hound Group. Breeds in this group were bred to assist hunters with a variety of wildlife. There are 31 breeds currently accepted into the Hound Group. The Hound Group can be broken down into 3 subcategories: Sighthounds, Scent hounds and others that have both abilities.

 

Obviously, the subcategories are self-explanatory but we are going to discuss each category a little further.

 

SIGHTHOUNDS

Breeds in this subcategory hunt prey primarily by sight. Once the dog spots the prey, they will use a burst of speed to cross the distance to catch the prey. Sight hounds tend to have long, slender bodies with dolichocephalic (elongated and angular) heads.

 

SCENT HOUNDS

Scent hounds use their incredible nose to catch a scent on the ground or in the air to locate their prey. They have an amazing endurance to travel over long distances to find their prey. Some hounds like the Bloodhound are used to locate missing people. Depending on what wildlife the dog was bred to find and the terrain it was going to be traveling on, the breeds have many different appearances. Just think about how different in appearance the Dachshund looks like compared to the Norwegian Elkhound or the Bloodhound.

 

OTHERS

The remaining breeds in the Hound Group are considered to be controversial due to not having an origin as either a strictly sight or strictly scent function. These breeds are blue on the breeds listed below. 

 

All of these breeds have a tendency to let their instincts (their noses and/or sight) get them in trouble by wondering away from home. Even if they have never been properly trained to hunt, scent hounds can and will follow their nose on a scent and ignore an owner’s commands. Sighthounds may see something move away from them and it will trigger that basic instinct to chase it down. With sprint speeds of 25 mph or more, they very easily can get away from their owner. It is best to either keep hounds on a leash or inside a fenced-in yard when they are outside. Hounds tend to dispatch any wildlife in their yard and may view other small pets living within their home as prey as well.

 

Many of the hounds have very distinctive barks called baying. And although the Basenji is sometimes referred to as a “barkless” dog, they do make a particular sound. Make sure you do some research on what the breed’s vocalizations sound like before getting one because not everyone can handle this group’s special barking style.

 

Here is the breed list of the Hound Group

 

Breed Weight (lbs) Height (inches) Life Expectancy (years) Bred for
Afghan hound
Male: 57 – 75 25 – 27
12 – 18
Hunt large prey in deserts & mountains, runs fast, independent thinker
Female: 57 – 75 25 – 27
American English Coonhound
Male: 45 – 60 24 – 26
11 – 12
Trail Raccoons & fastest of the coonhounds
Female: 45 – 60 23 – 25
American Foxhound
Male: 65 – 70 22 – 25
11 – 13
Hunt foxes
Female: 60 – 65 21 – 24
Basenji
Male: 24 17
13 – 14
Flush small game into hunter’s net
Female: 22 12
Basset Hound
Male: 40 – 65 up to 15
12 – 13
Hunt hare
Female: 40 – 65 up to 15
Beagle
Under 20 13 and under
10 – 15
Hunts rabbits, very vocal
20 – 30 13 – 15
Black and Tan Coonhound
Male: 65 – 110 25 – 27
10 – 12
Hunt raccoons
Female: 65 – 110 23 – 25
Bloodhound
Male: 90 – 110 25 – 27
10 – 12
Rehentless & stubborn on scent, find people
Female: 80 – 100 23 – 25
Bluetick Coonhound
Male: 55 – 80 22 – 27
11 – 12
Off the chart prey drive, avid hunter, when in pack takes on bears, boars, lynx & cougars
Female: 45 – 65 21 – 25
Borzoi
Male: 75 – 105 28 and up
9 – 14
Tracks & hunts wolves, foxes and hares on massive Russian estates
Female: 60 – 85 26 and up
Cirneco dell’Etna
Male: 22-26 18-20
12-14
hunts rabbits
Female: 18-22 17-20
Dachshund
Mini: 11 and under 5 – 6
12 – 16
Dig into badger dens
Standard: 16 – 32 8 – 9
English Foxhound
Male: 60 – 75 24
10 – 13
Hunt foxes
Female: 60 – 75 24
Grand Basset Friffon Vendeens
Male: 40 – 45 15.5 – 18
13 – 15
Trail & catch hare
Female: 40 – 45 15.5 – 18
Greyhound
Male: 65 – 70 28 – 30
10 – 13
Detect, catch, capture and dispatch desert wildlife
Female: 60 – 65 27 – 28
Harrier
Male: 45 – 60 19 – 21
12 – 15
Chase hare
Female: 45 – 60 19 – 21
Ibizan hound
Male: 50 23.5 – 27.5
11 – 14
Hunt rabbits, sprinter & leaper
Female: 45 22.5 – 27.5
Irish Wolfhound
Male: 120 32 minimum
6 – 8
Dispatch wolves
Female: 105 30 minimum
Norwegian Elkhound
Male: 55 20.5
12 – 15
Herd flocks & fight off bears, wolves and elk
Female: 48 19.5
Otterhound
Male: 115 27
10 – 13
Hunt otter, has an affinity for swimming
Female: 80 24
Petits Basset Griffons Vendeen
Male: 25 – 40 13 – 15
14 – 16
Trail & catch hare
Female: 25 – 40 13 – 15
Pharaoh Hound
Male: 45 – 55 23 – 25
12 – 14
High speed pursuit on rocky terrain
Female: 45 – 55 21 – 24
Plotts
Male: 50 – 60 20 – 25
12 – 14
Hunt big game
Female: 40 – 55 20 – 23
Portuguese Podengo Pequenos
Male: 9 – 13 8 – 12
12 – 15
Hunt rabbits
Female: 9 – 13 8 – 12
Redbone Coonhound
Male: 45 – 70 22 – 27
12 – 15
Hunt raccoons
Female: 21 – 26
Rhodesian Ridgeback
Male: 85 25 – 27
10 – 12
Confront lions, leopards & baboons, strong prey drive
Female: 70 24 – 26
Saluki
Male: 23 – 28 40 – 65
10 – 17
Swift & agile sprinters
Female: Considerably smaller 40 -65
Scottish Deerhound
Male: 85 – 110 30 – 32
8 – 11
Stalked red deer
Female: 75 – 95 28 & up
Sloughi
Male: 35 – 50 26 – 29
10 – 15
Hunted variety of game in North African deserts
Female: 35 – 50 24 – 27
Treeing Walker Coonhound
Male: 50 -70 22 – 27
12 – 13
Track prey up trees & bark vigorously
Female: 50 -70 20 – 25
Whippet
Male: 25 – 40 19 – 22
12 – 15
Designed to race and hunt rabbits
Female: 25 – 40 18 – 21

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